Key research articles and teaching guides
Hasbrouck, J. & Tindal, G. (2017). An update to compiled ORF norms (Technical Report No. 1702). Behavioral Research and Teaching, University of Oregon.
Klauda, S. L. & Guthrie, J. T. (2008). Relationships of three components of reading fluency to reading comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100(2), 310-321.
Konza, D. (2011). Understanding the reading process: Fluency. South Australian Department of Education and Children’s Services.
Padeliadu, S. & Giazitzidou, S. (2018). A synthesis of research on reading fluency development: Study of eight meta-analyses. European Journal of Special Education Research, 3(4), 232-256.
Rasinksi, T. V. (2004). Assessing reading fluency. Pacific Resources for Education and Learning.
Shanahan, T. (2012). Developing fluency in the context of effective literacy instruction. In T. Rasinski, C. Blachowicz, & K. Lems (Eds.), Fluency instruction: Research-based best practices (2nd ed., pp.17-34). Guildford.
Wheldall, K. & Wheldall, R. (2020). Mentioning the WARs: Let’s do the timed WARP again. Learning Difficulties Australia Bulletin, 52 (1), 17-19.