Get all children reading…
Give them the five keys to
WHAT DOES FIVE FROM FIVE MEAN?
Children need explicit instruction in the five essential components
of reading in every classroom, every day.
This should begin in the foundation year of school when most children turn five years old.
HOW TO TEACH READING
Major reviews of reading not only agree on the key components of reading programs – the five ‘keys’ to reading – but also the most effective way of teaching them. They find that explicit or ‘direct’ instruction is the most effective teaching method, especially for the fundamental code-based components ― phonemic awareness and phonics.
It is …crucial to teach phonic work systematically, regularly and explicitly, there is ample evidence to support the recommendation of the interim report that, for most children, it is highly worthwhile and appropriate to begin a systematic programme of phonic work by the age of five, if not before for some children, the way having been paved by related activities designed, for example, to build phonological awareness.
Because these are both foundational and essential skills for the development of competence in reading, writing and spelling, they must be taught explicitly, systematically, early and well.