Segmenting final sounds

Segmenting final sounds involves the child identifying the last sound or phoneme in a spoken word e.g. “Can you tell me the last sound in the word ship?”  Words that contain vowel-consonant endings are easier to segment than words containing consonant blend endings such as ‘nest’.

Elkonin boxes are a useful method for helping children isolate phonemes in spoken words because they give children a visual representation of an auditory task.

Identifying and segmenting final sounds

Children are presented with a picture, usually of an object containing two or three sounds for beginners, and asked to move a counter into each box as each phoneme is pronounced.

Once phoneme isolation is mastered then counters can be replaced with letters or graphemes.